Roman Last Names – Male & Female Surnames

Roman Last Names – Origin and Meanings

 

Roman last names, also known as a Congnomen, were one of 3 parts of a Roman individuals name. More often than not, these last names (Congnomen) were descriptive, referring to a character trait or physical descriptor of a person. Like a lot of languages around the globe, congnomina (last names) may have fallen into a few categories. These are as follows;

Occupational

These names were given on the basis of the occupation of the name holder or the name holder’s ancestors. Bubulcus, for example, meaning cattle-driver.

Geographical/Place of Origin

These names referred to the place a person came from. For example, Campanus, meaning man from Campania.

Trait/Character

The majority of congnomina (last names) referred to an individuals character or a trait. These could point out physical features, and more often than not, could be quite offensive. This was because this congnomen usually came from a nickname.

Honorific

On ocassion, an individual might have achieved something great. This called for an honorific surname in recognition of what they had achieved, and was given to them by others. An example of such a name would be Brittanicus meaning victor over the British.

 

Roman Last Names

 

List Of Roman Surnames (Congnomina)

Below we have listed the male and female form of the Roman surnames, along with their meanings.

Male Form Of SurnameFemale Form of SurnameMeaning of Surname (Congnomina)
AculeoAculeoPrickly, unfriendly
AgricolaAgricolaFarmer
AgrippaAgrippaBorn feet first
AhalaAhalaArmpit
AhenobarbusAhenobarbaWith a red beard
AlbinusAlbinaPale, white
AlbusAlbaWhite or fair-skinned
AmbustusAmbustaBurnt, scalded
AnnalisAnnalisRelating to years
AquilaAquilaEagle
AquilinusAquilinaEagle-like
ArvinaArvinaFat, lard
AsellioAsellioKeeper of donkeys
AsinaAsinaFemale donkey
AtellusAtellaDark-haired or dark skinned
AvitusAvitaGrandfatherly
BalbusBalbaStutterer
BarbaBarbaA beard
BarbatusBarbataBearded
BassusBassaPlump
BestiaBestiaLike an animal
BibaculusBibaculaDrunkard
BibulusBibulaDrunkard
BlaesusBlaesaSomeone who mispronounces words, slurs his speech, stammers, or lisps
BrocchusBrocchaToothy
BrutusBrutaStupid, dull-witted
BubulcusBubulcaCattle-driver
BuccoBuccoFool, dolt
BulbusBulbaBulb, onion
ButeoButeoBuzzard
CaecusCaecaBlind
CaepioCaepioOnion-seller
CaesarCaesarHairy
CalidusCalidaHot-headed, rash
CalvinusCalvinaFrom cognomen Calvus
CalvusCalvaBald
CamillusCamillaA child who helps during sacrifices
CaninusCaninaDog-like
CanusCanaGolden-haired or grey-haired
CapitoCapitoBig-headed
CarboCarboCharcoal
CatoCatoShrewd, prudent
CatulusCatulaPuppy, whelp
CelerCelerisQuick
CelsusCelsaTall
CiceroCiceroChick pea
CicurinusCicurinaMild, gentle
CiloCiloLarge forehead or large lips
CincinnatusCincinnataCurly-haired
CordusCordaBorn late
CornicenCornicenMilitary bugler
CornutusCornutaHorned
CorvinusCorvinaCrow-like
CorvusCorvaCrow
CossusCossaFrom archaic praenomen Cossus
CostaCostaA rib
CrassipesCrassipesClub-footed
CrassusCrassaFat
CrispinusCrispinaCurly-haired
CrispusCrispaCurly-haired
CulleoCulleoLeather sack for carrying liquid
CurioCurioPriest of a Curia
CursorCursorRunner, courier
CurvusCurvaStooping, bent
DentatusDentataToothy
DenterDentraToothy
DentoDentoToothy
DivesDivesRich, wealthy
DolabellaDolabellaHatchet
DorsuoDorsuoLarge back
FigulusFigulaPotter
FimbriaFimbriaEdge of clothing, fringes
FlaccusFlaccaFloppy ears
FlavusFlavaBlonde-haired
FlorusFloraLight-coloured or blooming
FrontoFrontoProminent forehead
FulloFulloA fuller or launderer
FususFusaFrom archaic praenomen Fusus
GaleoGaleoHelmet
GemellusGemellaA twin
GlabrioGlabrioA relative of Glaber
GurgesGurgesGreedy, prodigal
HabitusHabitaIn good physical condition
HelvaHelvaDun-colored hair
ImperiosusImperiosaDomineering, dictatorial
IullusIullaFrom archaic praenomen Iullus
LabeoLabeoProminent lips
LactucaLactucaLettuce
LaenasLaenasA woolly cloak
LanatusLanataWearing wool
LaterensisLaterensisPerson from the hill-side
LentulusLentulaA bit slow
LepidusLepidaCharming, amusing
LicinusLicinaSpiky- or bristly-haired
LongusLongaTall
LucullusLucullaFrom lucus (grove) or Lucius (praenomen)
LupusLupaWolf
LurcoLurcoGluttonous, greedy
MacerMacraThin
MaculaMaculaA spot or blemish
MalleolusMalleolaHammer
MamercusMamercaFrom rare praenomen Mamercus
MarcellusMarcellaFrom praenomen Marcus
MerendaMerendaLight afternoon meal
MergusMergaSea-gull
MerulaMerulaBlackbird
MetellusMetellaArmy follower
MurenaMurenaEel
MusMusMouse or rat
MuscaMuscaFly
NasicaNasicaBig-nosed
NasoNasoBig-nosed
NattaNattaAn artisan
NeposNeposGrandchild
NeroNeroFrom rare praenomen Nero (“strong”)
NervaNervaVigorous
NigerNigraBlack-skinned or black-haired
NovellusNovellaNew, new-fangled
OcellaOcellaSmall-eyed
PacilusPacilaFrom archaic praenomen Pacilus
PaetusPaetaSquinty or blinking
PansaPansaSplay-footed
PapusPapaFrom rare praenomen Papus
PaterculusPaterculaLittle father
PaullusPaullaSmall
PavoPavoPeacock
PeraPeraShoulder-bag
PictorPictrixPainter
PisoPisoMortar
PlancusPlancaFlat-footed
PlautusPlautaFlat-footed
PoplicolaPoplicolaFriend of the people
PostumusPostumaBorn after the father’s death
PotitusPotitaProbably derived from an archaic praenomen
PraeconinusPraeconinaA relative of a herald
PraetextatusPraetextataYoung (wearing the toga praetexta)
PriscusPriscaVery ancient
ProculusProculaFrom rare praenomen Proculus, perhaps meaning “born during father’s absence”
PublicolaPublicolaVariant of Poplicola
PulcherPulchraAttractive
PullusPullaChild
PulvillusPulvillaSmall cushion
PurpureoPurpureoWearing purple or with a purplish complexion
QuadratusQuadrataStocky, squarely built
RallaRallaA tunic of fine fabric
RegillusRegillaPrince
RegulusRegulaPrince
RufusRufaReddish, Ginger-haired
RugaRugaWrinkly
RullusRullaUncultivated, boorish
RutilusRutilaReddish-gold hair
SalinatorSalinatrixSalt-harvester
SaturninusSaturninaDedicated to Saturnus
ScaevaScaevaLeft-handed
ScaevolaScaevolaLeft-handed
ScapulaScapulaShoulder-blade
ScaurusScauraLame, swollen-ankled
ScipioScipioRod, staff
ScrofaScrofaSow
SenecaSenecaElderly
SeverusSeveraStrict, severe
SilanusSilanaNose, water-spout
SiloSiloSnub-nosed
SilusSilaSnub-nosed
StoloStoloShoot of a plant
StraboStraboSquinty
StructusStructaPossibly derived from an archaic praenomen
SuraSuraCalf of the leg
TaurusTauraBull
TriariusTriariaA type of soldier
TrigeminusTrigeminaA triplet
TrioTrioOne of the seven stars of the Plough / Big Dipper
TuberoTuberoHaving a tumour or swelling
TubertusTubertaHaving a tumour or swelling
TubulusTubulaLittle tube
TuditanusTuditanaMallet
TullusTullaFrom rare praenomen Tullus
TurdusTurdaThrush
VarroVarroBlock-head
VarusVaraBow-legged
VatiaVatiaKnock-kneed
VerresVerresPig
VespilloVespilloPerson employed to bury people too poor for a funeral
VetusVetusOld
VitulusVitulaCalf or young cow
VolususVolusaFrom rare praenomen Volusus

Source

 

You can read more of our worldlastnames.com articles below.

  1. Greek Last Names
  2. Mexican Last Names
  3. African American Last Names
  4. German Last Names
  5. British last names
  6. French Last Names
  7. Arabic Last Names
  8. Spanish Last Names
  9. Polish Last Names
  10. Swedish Last Names

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *